Tuesday, January 5, 2021

COVID-19 "long-haulers" share stories of debilitating symptoms: "I will never be the same person"

Kevin Rathel was hospitalized and placed in a medically induced coma after suffering from COVID- complications in April. Months later, Rathel told News senior medical correspondent, Dr. Tara Narula, that he still hasn t recovered from those complications. There s been a lot of memory loss. … being out of breath, a lot of fatigue, a lot of joint pain, things like that, he said. He is not alone. Rathel is one of the estimated two million Covid- long-haulers, survivors who months after being infected with the coronavirus are still experiencing debilitating and often crippling symptoms. Michelle Sogge is another long-hauler who says she went from being a fit and healthy athlete to living with chronic muscle pain, fatigue, shortness of breath and brain fog. I actually could no longer live by myself anymore, the symptoms were so debilitating. I couldn t get up. I couldn t shower, she said. Sogge is now a patient at UC Davis Health Post-COVID- Clinic. It is one of several new specialty care clinics emerging across the country that are specifically dedicated to treating long-hauler patients. The hospital s patients get seen by the most appropriate staff based on their issues — something Sogge said can require multiple processes. Because COVID- is so unknown and it s affecting people in so many different ways, it is a multi-step, multi-disciplinary process, she said. Dr. Margot Gage is an epidemiologist, mother of two and another long-hauler. She has a team of specialists working with her on her various issues including skin rashes, ringing in the ears and asthma. She describes her headaches to be stronger than migraines and said that on bad days she cannot get out of bed. Her treatment plans vary based on which symptom she is experiencing at the time. We have our own mode of treatment and plan that we carry out. So it s very a one-to-one type of treatment modality, what I am undergoing, Gage said. While their lingering symptoms may vary, many long-haulers share a similar message to those who doubt the seriousness of COVID-. A lot of people do survive… But there are also a host of people who survive but are no longer the same, Gage said. Dr. Virgina Witt works at an outpatient post-COVID- care facility in New Jersey. She said there is a dire need for the clinics because patients are suffering from serious medical conditions. We have patients who have obvious lung damage, scarring, ... some of them even need lung transplants for the long haul. Some patients are on dialysis. ... We have people with heart problems, Witt said. Narciso Rodriguez is one of Dr. Witt s patients being treated for damage to his lungs. He said prior to the diagnosis, he could work hours a day, something he can no longer do. No matter how good, how better I get, I will never be the same person that I was, Rodriguez said. Health issues like chronic fatigue and brain fog are some of the biggest issues being seen at post-COVID- clinics. These are some of the symptoms COVID- survivor Alexander Hackett has experienced. She now sees a neurotherapist at the Magee Rehabilitation Hospital in Philadelphia once a week. Since her diagnosis, she said her life has radically changed. That s why I want to share my story because I know that there are people out there, long-haulers, who are suffering from symptoms who are far more debilitating, Hackett said.

Florida beach and bar parties rage on amid alarming surge in COVID-19 cases 

Record-breaking coronavirus rates can’t stop these partiers from continuing to rage. Despite surging COVID- cases, Florida beaches were packed with maskless revelers over New Year’s weekend. Photos of Fort Lauderdale beachgoers show nary a face covering and many a bikini as people continued to party despite the ongoing pandemic. On Jan. at Miami’s Fontainebleau pool area, heavy daytime partying was photographed, despite the state reporting , new cases that day — bringing the week’s total to , new cases. On New Year’s Eve, Tampa Bay residents swarmed bars and clubs as packed celebrations raged across the area. That day, the state also passed a milestone in no way worth celebrating: It broke its coronavirus caseload record with more than , new cases reported in one day, the Tampa Bay Times reported. Photos and video of the scene looked as though they’d been taken before the pandemic, with shots of DJs playing to large crowds indoors and few masks in sight. Observers expressed concern about the amount of NYE bashes happening in Tampa tonight. University of South Florida public health and family medicine professor Dr. Marissa Levine wasn’t exactly shocked by the revelry. I’m not terribly surprised, because every holiday recently we’ve seen similar types of approaches, she told the Tampa Bay Times. But we’ve not been in this position before. We have a record number of cases. And we’re also trying to mount a vaccine campaign, which could be hampered if our health care system continues to be stressed and potentially overloaded. That could definitely end our ability to vaccinate people. Heavy daytime partying continued in Miami as COVID- cases surged statewide. Shown is the pool party area at the Fountainbleau on Sunday afternoon, where the day before heavyweight boxing champion Tyson Fury was relaxing. Brian Prahl MEGA The failure to heed warnings from some local officials, including Tampa Mayor Jane Castor, may lead to what Levine said could be some of the darkest days the state has seen during the pandemic. If any of these young adults that we’re seeing in these parties are bringing it home to their multigenerational households, that’s where we run the risk of more serious cases, more hospitalizations and more deaths, she said. People pack Fort Lauderdale bars Sunday, when the state of Florida reported another , COVID- cases, the eighth consecutive day with an average of ,-plus new cases per day.

COVID Vaccinations Are Lowest in These Five States 

Octavio Jones Images People lining up to receive a COVID- vaccine at the Lakes Regional Library in Fort Myers, Florida on December , . Several southern states are among those that have administered the least number of vaccinations in the country, as of Monday, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC. As the U.S. COVID- vaccine rollout continues, several southern states are among those that have administered the fewest number of vaccinations in the country so far. Over percent of COVID vaccine doses remain unused across the U.S. Here we take a closer look at five states where the number of residents per , people who received their first dose of a COVID- vaccine are the lowest in the country, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC. All vaccine data below reflects the latest reported figures as of Monday a.m. local time, according to the CDC. The numbers for doses distributed and people who received their first dose those initiating vaccination include totals for both the Moderna and PfizerBioNTech vaccines. Doses distributed represent the count recorded as shipped in the CDC s Vaccine Tracking System VTrckS since December , . The number of people initiating vaccination represents the count of doses administered as reported to the CDC by state, territorial, and local public health agencies and four federal entities Bureau of Prisons, Department of Defense, Indian Health Service, and Veterans Health Administration since December , , the CDC notes. In the past seven days, Kansas reported the country s highest number of COVID- deaths per , and the fifth-highest count of average daily cases per , people, according to the CDC. The state s seven-day average of cases has been rising sharply from late December, after declining from late November, according to data compiled by Johns Hopkins University JHU. While the average case count in Georgia statistically declined in a recent two-week period from December to January , the figure has been rising sharply since early November, peaking at , on New Year s Day, according to JHU. The average case count in Mississippi has been climbing sharply since mid-September, peaking at , on January , according to JHU. While the average case tally in Alabama statistically declined in the latest two-week period from December to January, the figure has been rising on a sharp incline since early October, peaking at , on December , according to JHU. Arizona recorded the country s highest number of average daily cases per , people in the past week, according to the CDC. The state s average case tally has been rising sharply since late October, hitting a record high of , on Monday, according to JHU. The CDC explains: A large difference between the number of doses distributed and the number of people initiating vaccination is expected at this point in the COVID vaccination program due to several factors, including delays in reporting of administered doses and management of available vaccine stocks by jurisdictions and federal pharmacy partners. Healthcare providers report doses to federal, state, territorial, and local agencies up to hours after administration. There may be additional lag for data to be transmitted from the federal, state, territorial, or local agency to CDC, the government health body notes. The novel coronavirus has infected more than . million people, including just over . million in the U.S., since it was first reported in Wuhan, China. More than . million people have died worldwide and more than . million have recovered as of Tuesday, according to Johns Hopkins University. The graphic below, provided by Statista, shows countries with the highest rate of COVID- vaccination. The graphic below, provided by Statista, shows the percentage of adult Americans who would or would not get a COVID- vaccine.

Chicago Family Who Lost Teen to COVID-19 Warns Young People to 'Be Careful' 

Scott Olson Images A man wearing a protective mask walks along Michigan Avenue on March , in Chicago, Illinois. A -year-old from Chicago, who had no underlying health conditions, has become one of the latest victims of the virus. Arnold Herrera, , from Chicago, Illinois, tested positive for the virus last week and was recovering at home, but his condition rapidly deteriorated at the turn of the year. His older brother, Pablo Portilla, says Arnold was subsequently taken to University of Illinois Hospital, where he passed away at the weekend. Arnold s family says he had no underlying health conditions that they were aware of. I kept on praying that he was going to be better because I knew he was always strong. It wasn t in God s plan, Pablo told ABC Chicago. He told us Happy New Year, and unfortunately after that he just had complications the full day. He was in pain, and we took him to the hospital, and that s that. The vast majority of people who have lost their lives to COVID- have been either elderly or suffering from pre-existing health conditions, but significant numbers of healthy young adults and children have also died from the virus. A research paper published in the Journal of the American Medical Association in December found that , more - year olds died in the U.S. from March to the end of July than expected, based on historical figures. There is also evidence that certain racial and ethnic minority groups, such as Black, indigenous and Latinx people, are disproportionately affected by COVID-, and that social inequities, including housing, occupation and wealth, can make certain groups of people more vulnerable to the virus than others. COVID- doesn t discriminate on age. It just happens. And we should all be careful. We shouldn t think, Oh yeah, because I m young, it s not going to happen to me, said Pablo. He described his younger brother, who fixed cars for a living and played guitar at his church in Little Village, as having a huge amount of energy and an I can attitude. Pablo has set up a GoFundMe page, where people can donate to the family and pay tribute to Arnold Herrera. The U.S. coronavirus death toll has been rising sharply from early November and hit a record high just before Christmas, reaching a peak of , on December . By the end of December, an average of around , people were being vaccinated every day in the United States, but Dr. Anthony Fauci has said that it will need to reach a target of administering at least one million vaccinations every day in order to return to some form of normality.

Too Many Americans Still Mistrust the COVID-19 Vaccines. Here's Why 

If you’re feeling impatient waiting your turn for a COVID- vaccine, here’s a little good news: Angela Padgett will gladly give you her place in line—at least for now. Padgett, president of a day spa in Raleigh, N.C., is under no illusions about the mortal danger the pandemic poses to herself, her family and the world writ large—indeed, she had COVID- back in July. But as for the vaccine that is supposed to put an end to all of the suffering at last? Not today. “I am a little bit hesitant,” she says. “I can appreciate President Trump trying to get this moving fast and I’ve taken pretty much every vaccine for other diseases. But I think it was rushed through very early, very quickly. So I would like a little more data.” Padgett is not alone. According to a December survey undertaken by the Pew Research Center, nearly % of Americans say they will definitely not or probably not get the COVID- vaccine when it becomes available to them. Gallup polls put the number at %. That’s bad news not just for the vaccine refusers themselves but for the public as a whole. Experts including Dr. Anthony Fauci, head of the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases, had previously concluded that achieving herd immunity—the point at which a population is sufficiently vaccinated that a spreading virus can’t find enough new hosts—would require anywhere from % to % of Americans to take the vaccines. But lately, he and others have been inching that number upward, now estimating that herd immunity could require as much as % vaccine coverage. The holdouts have multiple reasons for their reluctance. There are, of course, the dead-enders in the anti-vax community, for whom no vaccine is safe or acceptable. There is, too, a faction peddling conspiracy theories about the COVID- vaccines in particular. As one falsely goes, the disease is caused by G cell towers, so a vaccine would be useless against it. The rumor has been repeatedly debunked on Snopesm and other sites. Another spuriously claims the vaccines are a plot by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation—or, alternately, Elon Musk—to inject microchips into Americans. That last one—debunked here, here and elsewhere—has gained enough traction in the fever-swamp corners of the Internet that it prompted a rare acknowledgment from Bill Gates himself. “It doesn’t help that there are false conspiracy theories about vaccines, including some that involve Melinda and me,” he wrote in a foundation letter he released on Dec. . But most people in the COVID- vaccine hesitancy camp are more rational, more measured—informed enough not to believe the crazy talk, but worried enough not to want to be at the head of the line for a new vaccine. “For first responders and for older people with underlying conditions it’s a godsend,” says Padgett. “But I do believe this was rushed. I’m reasonably healthy. Six months to a year just to get more data on it is what I’d need to be vaccinated.” For all the urgency to get as many vaccines into as many arms as possible, the reluctance of such a large swath of the population to be among the early adopters is not completely without merit. “I think it’s reasonable to be skeptical about anything you put into your body, including vaccines,” says Dr. Paul Offit, professor of pediatrics at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and director of its Vaccine Education Center. Coming from Offit, a vocal proponent of universal vaccination and a particular boogeyman of the anti-vax camp, that carries particular weight. He goes further still, acknowledging that the speed with which the COVID- vaccines were developed can cause people special concern. “The average length of time it takes to make a vaccine is to years,” he says. “This vaccine was made in a year.” Then too there is a question of effectiveness. Both of the vaccines that have been authorized for emergency use in the U.S., one from Pfizer-BioNTech and one from Moderna, have what Offit calls “ridiculously high efficacy rates—in the % range for all COVID- disease and for Moderna’s product % for severe disease.” But in the haste to get the vaccine to market, test subjects have been followed up for only two to three months, so it’s impossible to say with any authority how effective the vaccines will remain at six or nine or months. : Yes, We Have COVID- Vaccines That Are % Effective. But That Doesn’t Mean the End of the Pandemic is Near Finally there are the side effects. Anaphylaxis—or a severe allergic reaction—is possible with any vaccine, though medical protocols call for people who have received the shot to wait minutes before they leave so that they can be treated if they do have a reaction. More troubling are spotty reports of Bell’s palsy—partial facial paralysis—following COVID- vaccinations. But those numbers are exceedingly small. One false posting purported to be from a nurse in Nashville who got the vaccine and suffered Bell’s palsy, but that too has been debunked, as repeated searches have turned up no nurse in the Tennessee health system under that name. All the same, it sparked outsized fear of a real but minimal risk. “There were four cases of Bell’s palsy within a month or month and a half in the Pfizer trial out of , recipients,” Offit says. “So that works out to roughly eight per , per year.” Such a case count may be low, but it does exceed the average background rate of Bell’s palsy in the general population, which is . per , per year, Offit says. Other sources put the incidence as a somewhat higher . per ,. Armed with numbers like that, however, humans are not always terribly good at calculating risk. On the one hand even an eight in , chance of contracting facial paralysis does sound scary; on the other hand, about one out every , American was killed by COVID- this past year. The mortal arithmetic here is easy to do—and argues strongly in favor of getting the shots. So too does the way the vaccines were developed—which is actually not as rushed as the calendar would make it seem. The Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines both use mRNA—or messenger RNA—to prompt the body to produce a coronavirus spike protein, which then triggers an immune response. That is a novel method for making a vaccine, but the basic research was by no means conducted within the last year. “The technology for the vaccine has actually been in development for more than a decade,” says Dr. Richard Pan, a pediatrician and a state senator in California. Pan has pushed hard over the years for laws mandating vaccines for children to attend school and, like Offit, has earned the animus of the anti-vax community for his efforts. He is just as big a booster of the COVID- vaccine—though he would not propose mandates until there are enough doses for everyone to get a shot—and tries to reassure doubters that no matter how soon they get the vaccine, there are a lot of people who went before them. “I point out to people that when you get the vaccine you’re definitely not the first,” he says, “because there are tens of thousands of people who have been involved with clinical trials.” Health care workers who are already being vaccinated increase that number dramatically—some million have gotten the shot in the U.S. as of this writing. Offit’s and Pan’s reassurances will surely not assuage everyone, and here demographics play a role. As with so much else in the U.S., vaccines have become a political issue. The Gallup organization has been tracking vaccine attitudes by party since July and has found Democrats consistently more likely to get vaccinated than Independents or Republicans. In a poll taken at the end of November, % of Democrats said they would be willing to take the COVID- vaccine, compared to % for Independents and % for Republicans. Age plays a role too, with willingness to be vaccinated generally tracking susceptibility to the disease. In the December Pew Research Center poll, for example, % of adults over reported that they intended to be vaccinated, compared to just % under . But nowhere is the difference starker than among racial and ethnic groups, with % of Asian-Americans surveyed expressing an intent to be vaccinated, compared to % in the Latinx community and % among Whites. In Black American respondents, the numbers fall off the table, with just % intending to be vaccinated. This is of a piece with a long history of medical disenfranchisement and much worse. Some of the mistrust goes back as far as the infamous gynecological experiments J. Marion Sims conducted on enslaved women—without anesthetic—in the th century; as well the Tuskegee experiment that began in the s and involved decades of studying the progress of syphilis in Black men without informing them that they had the disease or offering them the antibiotics needed to treat it. But the structural inequality and bias continues today. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC the death rate from COVID- is . times higher for blacks than it is for whites and the hospitalization rate is . times higher. Dr. Ala Stanford, a Philadelphia-based pediatric surgeon and founder of the Black Doctors COVID Consortium sees a lot of reasons for that disparity, not least being that in the neighborhoods in which she works, Blacks and other minorities were being tested for COVID- at only one-sixth the rate of white communities, which tended to be higher-income, according to data from Drexel University. “The tests had to be scheduled from nine-to-five, when most people were at work,” Stanford says. “There were no evening or weekend hours and they weren’t accepting children.” What’s more, Black Americans are disproportionately likely to be front-line or essential workers like home-health aides and are less likely to have the kinds of other jobs that would let them work from home. Less social distancing plus less testing means more sickness and death, which plays into the lived reality for many people that Black lives are valued less than white lives in the U.S. That, in turn, breeds more suspicions of the system as a whole—including of vaccines. “The main fear I hear about vaccines is that someone is injecting coronavirus into my body,” says Stanford. “And I answer in as detailed a way as I can about the mRNA and the protein and how it looks like coronavirus but it’s not.” That kind of clarity, she says, can help a lot. Offit hears even starker—and more poignant—fears from Blacks. “One particular man did not want to get the vaccine and I asked him why,” Offit says. “He said, ‘because for my race they make a different vaccine. ” One way Stanford sought to push back against such suspicions was to offer up herself as a living example, getting vaccinated on camera through the Philadelphia Department of Public Health. The local media sent a pool camera and the footage was shown on the evening news. Dr. Brittani James, a professor at the University of Illinois Hospital and executive director of the Institute of Anti-Racism in Medicine, did something similar, streaming her vaccination online. “I talk until I’m blue in the face,” she says, “but there’s something I think for people to see me or see other Black people getting it that can really do a lot to soothe their fear. Like hey, guess what? If I’m wrong, I’m going down with you.” Whether that kind of role-modeling and example-setting will work to reduce resistance is impossible to know at the moment, simply because vaccines are still unavailable to the overwhelming share of the population. If you can’t get the shot in the first place, it doesn’t matter how hesitant or receptive you are to it. Offit, who is white, does believe that efforts like James’s, to appeal to members of her own community, can be truly valuable. “I think if someone like me says something, people are just going to see it as ‘Of course he’d say that,’” Offit says. He cites by way of example the effectiveness of TV ads by the National Medical Association, a professional organization of Black American physicians, showing one Black nurse inoculating another with the COVID- vaccine. “It’s subtle,” Offit says, “but they’re trying to create those images.” Stanford believes Black churches can play a role too. During one of the testing drives she helped organize, church parking lots were used as sites to administer the tests—which helped increase turnout. “We know that in the African-American community, the church is a trusted institution,” she says. “Even if you don’t go to church, you know that’s a safe space.” Emma Lee Dr. Ala Stanford receiving her COVID- vaccine. Stanford s vaccination was televised in order to promote the safety and efficacy of the shot. Emma Lee In all communities, it helps too if doctors and other authorities listen respectfully to public misgivings about vaccines, explaining and re-explaining the science as frequently and patiently as possible. But there is a burden on the vaccine doubters themselves to be open to the medical truth. “Questions are fine as long as you listen to the answers,” Pan says. “So talk to your doctor, go to sources like the CDC and our incredible mainstream medical organizations. Those are the ones you should be getting information from.” Adds Stanford: “My belief is that you don’t coerce or convince, you listen to concerns and you understand the fears and are empathetic with people. Then you educate and allow one to make their own choice.” Pan also sees a role for social media companies, which must better control misinformation on their platforms. Journalists too must step up, avoiding false equivalency or both-sides-ism; there is no need to give equal time to rumor mongers or conspiracy theorists simply to appear balanced. Ultimately, no vaccine is perfect, and the COVID- vaccines do have more questions associated with them than others, because there hasn’t been that much follow-up time since the study volunteers got their shots. But those questions are less about safety than about just how long the shots will prove protective. The truth is that they work. Another truth, of course, is that for now, in the early stages of the vaccine rollout, masking and social distancing remain the best methods for protecting ourselves and others—and they will be part of our lives for at least many months to come. But slowly, over time, the vaccines will eliminate that need. What’s required now is trust in the power of the shots or, as Stanford puts it, in “faith and facts over fear.” Pandemics eventually stop raging. It’s vaccines that hasten that end game—and save millions of lives in the process.

Sweden reports 32,369 new coronavirus cases in less than a week 

Sweden has reported , COVID- cases since its most recent update to the country s health data less than a week ago on Dec. . The country has also registered new deaths, Reuters reported, bringing the its total coronavirus fatalities to ,. The deaths reported have usually occurred over multiple days or weeks. Swedish officials on Dec. announced that they detected the first coronavirus case in the country that involved a mutated strain of the virus that is more contagious. The Swedish Health Agency said the patient had recently traveled from the United Kingdom, where the strain was first detected. Sweden s King Carl XVI Gustaf told Swedish residents during an address last month that the country s strategy to slow the spread of COVID- has failed and that its people have suffered enormously amid the ongoing pandemic. Sweden resisted implementing a nationwide lockdown throughout the coronavirus pandemic, unlike many of its fellow European countries. The Swedish government has suspended nonessential travel to the country from outside of the European Union through at least March , . Sweden also banned entry from the U.K. and Denmark, except for Swedish citizens and some other exceptions.

LA ambulance crews told not to transport some patients with low chance of survival amid COVID-19 surge 

Images LA ambulance crews told not to transport some patients with low chance of survival amid COVID- surge Los Angeles County ambulance crews are being told not to transport some patients with a low chance of survival to hospitals and to conserve oxygen amid a surge in coronavirus cases. A memo from the county Emergency Medical Services Agency tells crews not to bring patients in cardiac arrest to hospitals unless circulation can be restored in the field due to the severe impact of the COVID- pandemic on EMS and -- Receiving Hospitals. A separate memo tells crews not to administer oxygen unless a patient s oxygen saturation falls below percent given the acute need to conserve oxygen. The stark memos come as Los Angeles is battered by the pandemic and hospitals are deluged by patients. The county health department said Monday there were , people in hospitals with coronavirus, a massive spike from the hospitalized in early November. The health department also warned that overwhelmed hospitals are having more difficulty treating non-COVID- patients, including those with strokes or heart attacks. The high number of COVID- patients in our hospitals is distressing not only for those who have COVID-, but for all others in the County who need acute care during this time, the county health department said in a statement. People who have a stroke or heart attack or who experience a traumatic injury from a car crash are finding it more difficult to access care compared to usual times. Everyone should stay home whenever possible, the department added, urging residents to do their part to slow the spread of the virus and prevent a further surge at hospitals. Dr. Marianne Gausche-Hill, medical director for the county emergency services agency, sought to offer some reassurance, telling that we are not abandoning resuscitation, noting it will still be done in the field. We are absolutely doing best practice resuscitation and that is do it in the field, do it right away, she said.

Birmingham's Woodfin among 3 Alabama mayors with COVID-19 

BIRMINGHAM, Ala. AP — The mayors of at least three Alabama cities, including heavily populated Birmingham, have been diagnosed with COVID- as the illness spreads rapidly across the state following the holidays. The city of Birmingham said Mayor Randall Woodfin was admitted to a hospital with COVID- pneumonia Monday, five days after announcing he tested positive for the new coronavirus. Decatur Mayor Tab Bowling said he was quarantining at home after tested positive for the virus, and the city of Auburn said Mayor Ron Anders was in quarantine after testing positive. Woodfin, , was in good spirits and thanks everyone for the well wishes, the City of Birmingham tweeted. Bowling, , told the Decatur Daily he and his wife tested positive for the coronavirus and each received an infusion of monoclonal antibodies Sunday. Bowling, who has held regular news conferences to provide updates on the pandemic in the Tennessee Valley city, said felt guilty about participating in holiday family gatherings with his adult children and their families over the holidays. “I made a mistake and spent time with our family. We had Christmas together. We had meals together and sat around the table and we were not practicing the guidelines,” he said. “With that, now we have sickness. I believe that family members outside our household were the last to get it, so quite likely they received it from us. I certainly hope they’ll be OK.” “I look forward to getting back to work for Auburn in person in the very near future, once I have tested clear,” Anders said in a statement. “I just want to remind everyone to keep your masks on, keep up your social distancing and keep those hands washed, because anyone can be exposed to this virus.” Alabama on Monday hit a new high for the number of COVID- patients in state hospitals with more than , hospitalized. The new peak comes as health officials feared a new surge of cases in the wake of the winter holidays. There were a record , people in state hospitals Monday with COVID-, according to numbers from the Alabama Department of Public Health. Since the pandemic began, the state health department has reported more than , confirmed and probable virus cases and at least , confirmed and probable virus deaths in Alabama.

How Eight Covid-19 Vaccines Work 

Researchers are testing coronavirus vaccines in clinical trials on humans. Here are explanations about how eight of the leading vaccines work. The vaccine, known as Comirnaty, has been approved or authorized for emergency use in several countries, including the United States. Clinical trials showed the vaccine has an efficacy of percent. The vaccine, known as mRNA-, has been approved in Canada and authorized for emergency use in the United States. Clinical trials showed the vaccine has an efficacy of . percent. The vaccine, known as BBIBP-CorV, is authorized for limited use in China. Sinopharm says the vaccine has an efficacy rate of . percent. The vaccine, known as Covaxin, is authorized for emergency use in India, despite a lack of published Phase trial results. The vaccine’s efficacy is not yet known. See the Coronavirus Vaccine Tracker for the status of other vaccines in development.

No comments:

Post a Comment